Tree Specialist in Bucks County Shares Insights
Deep root fertilization might just be the best way to fertilize trees.
Not sure what that is, how it works, and whether or not your trees and shrubs need it? Strap in. We’ll cover all the basics.
First things first—let’s talk about why your trees and shrubs may need deep root fertilization.
The trees on your property look a lot like their self-sufficient, forest-dwelling cousins, but there’s one big difference: their environment.
Wild trees don’t survive to maturity unless they’ve taken root in a place that meets all their needs. Compare that to trees on developed land, which are often transplanted, subjected to landscape changes, or forced to compete for nutrients with grass.
If the trees (and Shrubs!) on your property weren’t carefully selected for the site, there’s a good chance they’re not getting all the nutrients they need.
This makes for trees that grow slower, are more susceptible to insects and disease, and have shorter life spans—not exactly ideal for your yard.
How to tell when a tree needs fertilization
A DKC expert will be able to assess your tree’s needs best, but here are a few of the warning signs that you can check for on your own.
Yellowing or off-color leaves. Struggling trees often show signs of stress in their leaves. Trees that naturally have colored or patterned leaves don’t count, of course
New shoot growth is under 6 inches. Happy trees grow 6-plus inches a year. When growth falls under that benchmark, we recommend fertilization. If the tree has started to encroach on a house, deck, or patio, you might need a treatment that will safely slow the tree’s growth while promoting root grown and maintaining health. We call our blend ArborBalance and find it works well even in older and declining trees.
Visible dieback. Insect attack and disease can also contribute to dieback—make sure to either rule those out or treat them first.
That being said, not every landscaped tree is going to need fertilization—we’ll get into this later.
Deep Root Fertilization
The Best Tree and Shrub Fertilizer for Deep Rooted Trees
Deep root tree fertilization is what we call the process of fertilizing trees and shrubs via a liquid fertilizer soil injection. It’s the fastest way to get nutrients to the plant and has the added benefit of aerating the soil.
First, you (or your DKC arborist) need to assess the plant’s needs.
From there, DKC Professionals will use specialized tree injection equipment to inject the liquid tree fertilizer about 6-8 inches beneath the surface. They’ll then continue the process, placing injection sites 2 to 3 feet apart in a grid pattern underneath the tree’s canopy and slightly beyond.
When should I fertilize my trees?
DKC arborists generally recommend deep root fertilization twice a year in the spring and fall.
Both times have their benefits. During spring, plants are gearing up for a season’s worth of growth, and fertilization provides a nice boost of nutrients. During the fall, trees take in the extra nutrients for their winter dormant period.
Fertilizing bi-annually is especially important to encourage growth in young trees.
When deep root fertilization isn’t appropriate
It’s worth noting that fertilization isn’t right for every tree.
In the summer, the winter, and when the tree is recovering from drought and certain health issues, we don’t typically recommend fertilization.
When we can’t fertilize a tree that is stressed or struggling, or else want to encourage root growth over trunk and branch growth, we usually recommend a biostimulant.
This kind of treatment promotes fine root development, improves soil structure, and increases drought and stress tolerance.